The municipal administration in Gujarat comes under the purview of urban development and urban housing department (UD&UHD). It is the policy making body for urban sector in the state and undertakes the functions as specified in the Municipal acts. These acts spell out the provisions with regards to the functions and powers of these agencies including a framework for resource mobilization.
While the Urban Development and Urban Housing Department lays out strategy and policy of implementation for the overall urban development of state, there are other departments that support core requirements of urban areas under their legislative functions.
Source: BIG 2020, GIDB
The city level service provider in Gujarat comprises municipal corporations, municipalities and urban development authorities. The municipal corporations are administered under the Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporations (BPMC) Act, 1949, while the municipalities are administered under the Gujarat Municipalities (GM) Act, 1963. Gujarat has seven urban development authorities and seven area development authorities constituted under the Gujarat Urban Development and Town Planning Act, 1976. They encompass urban agglomeration and peripheral areas, outside the administrative boundary of the respective urban local body. These are nodal planning agencies responsible for the preparation of development plans and town planning schemes within their jurisdiction.
Further implementation of 74th CAA recommendations
Legal provisions have been made in the State for regular and fair elections in municipalities, assigning appropriate civic functions and constitution of a State Finance Commission to improve decentralisation towards municipal bodies. In conformity with the 74th Constitution Amendment Act (CAA), the Municipalities Act has also been amended and has mention about additional functions of ULBs regarding preparation of plans for economic developments and social justice. However, devolution needs to be strengthened for functions like regulation of land use, town planning, and promotion of cultural and educational aspects of the city. As discussed above, the State level institutions continue to play a vital role in these urban related functions.